Le passé composé – Auxiliary être (Exercises)

particip-passé

Why the brackets?

These verbs need to agree in gender and number. Thus, there is chance that you must add an e (elle est sortie) or/and an s (elles sont sorties).

You can scroll past the exercises if you need to refresh your theoretical knowledge.

Exercises

Comment: Les hommes: Ils.

Teachers often try to trick their students by changing the pronouns to names.

Let’s look at more common examples:

  • Ashley: Elle
  • The girls: Elles
  • John: Il

There are many examples. However, you just need to change the name against a pronoun and then add the correct verb conjugation.

Theory

You need to remember that these verbs need to agree in gender and number.

This sounds difficult in theory, but it’s easier in practice.

Let’s look at a couple of examples:

A man goes out:

  • Il est sorti

In this case, we don’t need to change anything.

A woman goes out:

  • Elle est sortie

Now we need to add an e. We need to take into consideration that the subject is a female.

A group with at least one man goes out:

  • Ils sont sortis

We are talking about a group of people, thus we need to add an s.

However, why did I write at least one man?

According to the rules, the group will be masculine (ils) instead of (elles) if it contains at least one woman.

And yes, this does not make sense. However, this rule is quite easy to understand.

A group of women goes out:

  • Elles sont sorties:

Last but not least we’ll get the chance to add an e and an s.

We’re referring to a group of females. We don’t need to figure out which pronoun we should use as it has already been stated, elles.

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